Seasonal Gardening Calendar: What to Plant and Do Each Month

Gardening is a rewarding hobby connecting us to nature while allowing us to create beauty and cultivate our fresh produce. To maximize the success of your garden, it’s crucial to understand the seasonal changes that impact plant growth and productivity. This seasonal gardening calendar will guide you to know what to plant and do each month. With a well-planned gardening calendar, you can make the most of your efforts and ensure an ample harvest throughout the year. 

In this blog post, I’ve outlined a monthly run-through that you can use as a guide for tackling specific tasks in the garden each month, along with the recommended planting you can do. I hope it provides you with some inspiration for the months ahead so you can create your dreamy garden and get the most out of your efforts!

gardening calendar

January – Embrace the New Year and Plan Ahead

As the year begins, January provides an ideal time to plan and prepare for the upcoming gardening season. Start by looking back on your previous year’s successes and challenges. Take stock of your inventory, including seeds, tools, and fertilizers. Assess your garden layout and make any necessary adjustments. Create a vision for your garden and draft a planting schedule for the year.

seasonal soil planning

February – Begin Indoors and Prepare the Soil

In February, gardeners in colder regions can start sowing seeds indoors. Vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and aubergine can be started in trays or pots under grow lights. This early start indoors ensures healthy seedlings ready for transplantation once the frost danger has passed. Meanwhile, focus on preparing your garden soil by adding compost or organic matter to enhance its structure.


March – Early Spring Planting In Your Garden

March marks the beginning of spring. As the soil starts to warm up, it’s time to sow cool-season crops directly in the garden—plant peas, lettuce, spinach, carrots, and beets. You can also start sowing warm-season crops like beans, cucumbers, and squash in warmer areas. Pay attention to weather changes and protect tender plants from late frosts with row covers or cloches.

gardening in the summer

April – Expand Your Garden

April is the month for expanding your garden and starting more seedlings indoors or in a greenhouse. Transplant seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, herbs, and flowers that require a longer growing season. As the weather becomes more stable, this is also an excellent time to plant perennial flowers.

watrering can

May – Nurture and Protect Your Plants

In May, the warmer temperatures and longer days provide optimal conditions for plant growth. Regularly water your garden to ensure plants receive enough moisture. Apply mulch around your plants to conserve water, stop weeds, and regulate soil temperature. Monitor your garden for pests and diseases and take appropriate action to protect your plants.

harvested seasonal vegetables

June – Harvest and Maintain

June is the month when the efforts of your hard work begin to pay off. Harvest your cool-season crops like lettuce, spinach, and peas. As you clear out the harvested plants, replant them with heat-tolerant varieties such as tomatoes, peppers, and basil. Monitor your garden for weeds and remove them to prevent competition for nutrients. Regularly fertilize your plants with organic or slow-release fertilizers to support their growth.


July – Midsummer Care

In July, your garden will be in full swing. Regular watering becomes crucial during the hot summer months. Water deeply and less frequently to encourage plants to develop robust root systems. Monitor for pests, especially aphids and spider mites, and take necessary steps to control them. Harvest summer squashes, cucumbers, and beans regularly to promote continuous production.

August – Preserve and Plan for Autumn

August is a busy month for gardeners. Harvest your summer crops, including tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. Preserve excess produce through canning, freezing, or drying, allowing you to enjoy the fruits of your labour even during winter. Start planning for your autumn garden by sowing cool-season crops like lettuce, radishes, and kale. Prepare garden beds by removing spent plants and amending the soil.


September – Transition to Autumn Crops

September is the month to transition your garden from summer to autumn crops. Plant cool-season vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, and beets. Directly sow seeds of salad greens, rocket, and Swiss chard. Harvest mature summer crops and continue preserving or sharing them. Monitor for pests and diseases and take any measures to prevent their spread.

October – Prepare Your Garden for Winter

In October, the gardening season starts winding down in many regions. Harvest remaining fall crops before the first frost. Clean up the garden by taking out dead plants and debris. Add compost or organic matter to replenish nutrients for the next season. Plant garlic bulbs and cover them with mulch for winter. Consider planting cover crops to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion.

winter garden

November and December – Reflect and Plan

As the gardening year comes to an end, November and December offer an opportunity to reflect on your gardening journey and plan for the future. Evaluate the successes and failures of the previous year and update your garden plan accordingly. Order seeds and supplies for the year ahead to ensure you have everything you need.


A well-structured seasonal gardening calendar is an important tool for any gardener. By understanding the specific needs of each month and aligning your activities with nature’s rhythm, you can optimize the success of your garden and enjoy a successful harvest throughout the year. 

Remember to adapt the seasonal gardening calendar to your specific climate and regional conditions. Gardening is a joyful and relaxing process, and by following a gardening calendar, you can embark on a fulfilling journey of growth, beauty, and nourishment.

If you would like to watch more videos and pick up some more garden tips, check out the Cottage Garden Playlist on YouTube, where you will find a new video every Sunday! Or click here for more garden posts.


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Discover more from Dainty Dress Diaries

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading