How to Attract and Keep Birds in Your Garden & Why It’s Important

Birds bring joy, beauty, and life to our gardens. Their joyous songs and graceful flights can transform any garden into a vibrant sanctuary. By attracting birds to your garden, you not only enhance its aesthetic appeal but also contribute to preserving these fascinating creatures and promoting a balanced ecosystem.

In this blog post, I’ll chat through the benefits of birds in your garden and provide valuable tips on attracting and keeping them in your garden.

garden bird

What is the most common garden bird in Ireland?

The most common garden bird in Ireland is the house sparrow. House sparrows are small, social birds with brown feathers and distinctive black bibs on their chests. 

Other common garden birds in Ireland include the European robin, blue tit, great tit, chaffinch, blackbird, and goldfinch. These species and the house sparrow are frequently spotted visiting feeders, nesting in shrubs or birdhouses, and adding life and colour to gardens across the country.

If you follow me on Instagram and YouTube, you may have seen my recent run-ins with the pigeon that has been visiting my garden lately. He’s slowly become a regular, so it’s safe to say you never know what birds might stop by for an adventure in your garden!

What food is best for garden birds? 

Offering a variety of bird-friendly foods is a sure way to entice them to visit your garden. Include a mix of seeds, suet, nectar, and fruits in feeders or scattered on suitable surfaces. Different species have specific dietary preferences, so catering to their varied needs will attract a broader range of birds. Some of the most common species in Ireland include robins, sparrows, and bluetits, among many.

House sparrows are seed-eaters and will readily visit feeders with a supply of seeds. They particularly enjoy sunflower seeds, black oil sunflower seeds, and millet. Scatter these seeds on the ground or provide them in tube feeders, hopper feeders, or platform feeders.

Robins are insectivores and primarily feed on insects, worms, and grubs. However, they also enjoy fruits such as apples and berries. Offer mealworms, suet pellets, or dried fruit pieces in shallow dishes or on bird tables. Avoid using tall feeders, as robins prefer feeding on or near the ground.

Blue tits are attracted to a variety of foods. They are fond of sunflower hearts, peanuts, and thistle seeds. Provide these seeds in mesh feeders or hanging feeders. Suet balls or blocks are also popular choices for tits, offering them a high-energy food source.

How To Make a Simple Bird Feeder?

Check out this video for a guide to making a basic bird feeder that will provide the birds in your garden with a safe space and encourage them to return and bring their friends.

Water Sources For Garden Birds 

Birds need a clean and reliable water source for drinking and bathing. Install a birdbath or shallow basin with fresh water, ensuring it is regularly cleaned and refilled. The sound of flowing water from a small fountain or dripper can also entice birds.


Attract Birds With Native Plants and Shrubs

To attract birds, it is essential to establish a varied selection of native trees, shrubs, and flowers in your garden. Native plants provide familiar food sources, shelter, and nesting sites, creating a habitat closely resembling the birds’ natural environment.

Choose a mix of plants that flower and produce berries at different times of the year to provide a continuous food supply.

bird house
diy bird house

Shelter and Nesting Opportunities

Birds seek shelter from predators, extreme weather conditions, and potential nesting sites. Planting dense shrubs, adding birdhouses, or leaving dead trees (if safe to do so) can provide roosting and nesting spots.

Tailor the size and design of birdhouses to attract specific species and position them at appropriate heights.

Create a Bird-Friendly Environment

Consider the overall design of your garden to make it more bird-friendly. Add perches, natural cover, and vertical elements like trellises and hedges. Avoid excessive pruning, as some bird species prefer foliage density for protection and nesting.

How do you take care of a wounded bird? 

Caring for a wounded garden bird requires caution, care, and a compassionate approach. First, approach the bird slowly and observe its condition from a safe distance. Take note of any apparent injuries or signs of distress. Remember that wild birds can be stressed by human presence, so minimising further stress and handling the bird as little as possible is essential.

Offer some cover, such as a box or a shrub, to provide a sense of security. Place the container in a quiet and warm area of your home. Avoid placing the bird near direct sunlight or drafts. In the case of a sick bird, it might be necessary to offer food and water. If the bird cannot consume grain feed, providing a dextrose solution can be a suitable alternative. Another effective emergency food option for all bird species is a hard-boiled egg.

bird in the garden

The Importance of Birds in Your Garden and the Benefits They Bring

Pest Control

One of the significant benefits of attracting birds to your garden is their role as natural pest controllers. Many bird species have a voracious appetite for insects, caterpillars, slugs, and snails that can damage your plants.

By welcoming birds, you can reduce the need for harmful chemical pesticides and promote a healthier, more eco-friendly approach to pest control.


Some bird species, such as hummingbirds and certain songbirds, play an essential role in pollination. While seeking nectar or insects, birds inadvertently transfer pollen from one flower to another, aiding in the pollination process and the reproduction of plants.

This process leads to the production of fruits, seeds, and a more robust garden ecosystem.

Seed Dispersal

Birds are excellent seed dispersers. As they consume fruits and berries, they often swallow the seeds, which then pass through their digestive system and are deposited in different areas. This dispersal mechanism helps plants colonise new locations, contributing to your garden’s overall biodiversity and resilience.

Weed Control

In addition to pest control, some bird species, such as sparrows and finches, feed on weed seeds. They help to reduce the population of weeds in your garden by eating these seeds, which can prevent the spread and growth of unwanted plants.

Soil Aeration and Nutrient Cycling

Birds that forage on the ground, such as blackbirds and thrushes, help aerate the soil as they search for insects and worms. Turning over the top layer of soil improves its structure and allows better water and air circulation.

Additionally, bird droppings contribute to nutrient cycling, enriching the soil with valuable organic matter.

Ecological Balance

Birds are vital to the natural food chain, acting as predators and prey. By attracting birds to your garden, you create a balanced ecosystem that supports other wildlife, such as beneficial insects and small mammals.

This ecological harmony fosters a healthier and more resilient environment for all living organisms in your garden.

Pure Enjoyment

Birds bring life, colour, and beauty to your garden. Their melodic songs, vibrant plumage, and graceful flights create a captivating and calm atmosphere. Watching birds interact, nest, and raise their young can provide endless fascination and entertainment, fostering a deeper appreciation for the wonders of nature.


Welcoming birds into your garden is a rewarding endeavour that enhances the natural beauty of your outdoor space while contributing to the health of your ecosystem.

By giving them food, water, shelter, and a safe environment, you can create an inviting habitat that attracts diverse bird species. Remember, a bird-friendly garden benefits the birds and brings you closer to nature’s wonders and fosters a deeper connection with the natural world. 

So, start with these tips today and change your garden into a thriving sanctuary for our feathered friends. Enjoy the symphony of bird songs and the vibrant colours they bring to your outdoor space, knowing that you are positively impacting the environment. Happy birdwatching!

If you would like to watch more videos and pick up some more garden tips, check out the Cottage Garden Playlist on YouTube, where you will find a new video every Sunday! Or click here for more garden posts.


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